Verlagsinformation :: Publisher's information
This new online project aims to bring together approximately 50,000 images of original documents, both manuscript and printed materials, including a strong core of document images from the Bodleian Library, Oxford. Each image is chosen for their clarity, relevance and quality.
This is structured in five sections, each containing c.10,000 images of original source material. This could then be used as an undergraduate resource and in the classroom and would also direct people towards the much larger resource that exists on microfilm.
Each section features thematic essays by leading scholars in the field of Gender Studies. The essays will relate directly to the source material covered by the online publication with approximately fifty hypertext links per essay to documentary evidence. The project offers high quality, meaningful content that academics can readily integrate into their courses. The thematic essays introduce students to the material, suggest possible approaches, and place the documents within a broad historical, literary and cultural context.
The project will make available online some of the materials covered in our successful microfilm series "Women Advising Women, Women and Victorian Values, Sex and Sexuality" and "Masculinity, 1560-1918: Men Defining Men", although there will be some new additions specific to the themes in each section.
The keyword search facility allows users to search by document title, topic, name of individual, organisation or date. All source material in this project is well indexed in this manner.
SECTION I: Conduct and Politeness
Dr David Turner, Controlling Bodies Project, School of Humanities and Social Science, University of Glamorgan
(Conduct and Politeness in the Early Modern Period)
Dr Vivien Jones, School of English, University of Leeds
(Conduct and Politeness in the Eighteenth Century)
Dr Ainslie Robinson, Faculty of Arts, University of Western Australia
(Conduct and Politeness in the Nineteenth Century)
There has never been any shortage of advice given to women. How should they behave? How can they fulfil themselves? What counts as fulfilment? The assumptions and goals of conduct literature change over the five centuries covered by this collection. To what extent do these changes inform theories of separate spheres? To what extent do these challenge conventional notions of the development of women during this period? When did notions of modesty, politeness and submissiveness begin? To what extent were these derived from male chivalric codes? What were the expectations placed on young men in terms of civility, gallantry and manners, and to what extent were these fulfilled? The essays and texts featured here explore all of these issues and more. They deal with the behaviour of young women seeking to attract suitors, and differing gender roles in the marriage market. They look at personal conduct as a means of engineering social stability. They look at consumption, sexuality and excess as evils, often associated with the aristocracy, to be overcome.
SECTION II: Domesticity and the Family
Professor Toni Bowers, Department of English, University of Pennsylvania
(Domesticity and the Family in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries, with reference to siblings)
Professor Christopher Kent, Department of History, University of Saskatchewan
(Masculinity and the Family in the Victorian Period)
Dr Jane Long, Head of Women's Studies, Faculty of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Western Australia
(The role of the Mother in the Victorian Family)
Dr Lisa O'Connell, Department of English, University of Queensland
(Gender, Literature and the Family in the Lady's Magazine, 1770-1832)
Section II frames gendered behaviour within the context of the family. How did households evolve over five centuries? Where did the power lie? Was the patriarchal head of the household always in place? The essays and texts explore the position of men within the family. They also look at relations between siblings and the role of women. They look at household management and the control of family budgets. They emphasise the importance of defined roles for all family members, which were all the time being subverted.
SECTION III: Consumption and Leisure
Dr Sara Mendelson, Arts and Social Programme, McMaster University
(Gender Issues and Consumer Behaviour in the Early Modern Period)
Dr Claire Walsh, Department of History, University of Warwick
(Gender, Shopping and Consumption in the Eighteenth Century)
Dr Patrick McDevitt, Department of History, SUNY-Buffalo
(Sport, Masculinity, Leisure and Empire, c.1830-1910)
Professor Joss Marsh, Department of English, Indiana University
(Cinema, Circus, Pantomime and Music Hall in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Century)
Professor Erika Rappaport, Department of History,
University of California at Santa Barbara
(Gender, Shopping, Advertising and Consumer Culture in the Victorian Period)
Section III provides primary source documents to facilitate a gendered approach to topics such as consumption, consumer culture, advertising, leisure, sport and entertainment. The study and analysis of gender, leisure and consumer culture has now become one of the most vibrant areas of social, cultural and intellectual research, transcending history, literature, sociology, education and gender studies programs. This cultural approach has become a focus for many new projects, conference papers, graduate seminars and undergraduate teaching.
To provide contextual help with this complex, but intriguing area, we feature three essays on Gender, Consumer Culture and Behaviour. The other essays cover sport in a domestic and imperial context, and offer a critical examination of gender attitudes to leisure pursuits, with material focusing on the Cinema, Pantomime and the Music Hall in the nineteenth and early twentieth century.
A wide range of documents (from the early modern period through to the end of the Victorian and Edwardian era) enable researchers to examine these themes from both a masculine and feminine perspective. How did male behaviour and perceptions of masculinity influence these social activities? How did gender orientation influence consumer and leisure preferences? Who decided? What were men and women most interested in? How were gender roles and preferences perceived? How did public opinion and advertising affect behaviour? What were separate activities for men and women? What tasks were pursued jointly or in consultation? What about unmarried men and women? Many different questions can be explored. Diaries, advice literature, manuscripts, pamphlets, printed works and other sources, which provide strong visual content, as well as social and cultural context are included here to provide illustrations of gender behaviour, preferences, perceptions, and changes over time. These help us define gender, whether it is in terms of shopping, consumer choices, attending the cinema, the music hall or circus, or watching or playing sport.
SECTION IV: Education and Sensibility
Dr Martyn Bennett, Department of History, Nottingham Trent University
(Women's Writing; 1500-1700)
Dr Sarah Winter, Department of English, University of Connecticut, Storrs
(The Education of Men and Women, c.1760-c.1912)
The education of women was always a contentious issue and was linked with the prospect of women gaining employment and independence as a result. There is much on the dangers of reading the "wrong sort" of literature. Rousseau, Wollstonecraft and Edgeworth all advocated a more progressive attitude. Hannah More put her ideas into practice - establishing a school for girls. The education of men is also explored. There are worries that certain teachings will feminize and weaken them. There are also texts exploring the teaching of young men in order to create servants of Empire. The role of sport and physical exercise is seen as being as important as the need to inculcate discipline and respect for order.
SECTION V: The Body
Dr Elizabeth Harvey, Department of English, Erindale College, Univerity of Toronto
(Gender, Midwifery and the Body in the Early Modern Period)
Dr Marie Mulvey-Roberts, School of English, University of West of England
(The Mind and the Body, c.1650-1880)
Professor Jeanne Peterson, Departments of Gender Studies & History, Indiana University
(Gender and the Body, c.1830-1910)
The three contextual essays help us evaluate gendered perceptions of the body and allow comparisons within, and between, different time periods. We include evidence from medical journals, periodical literature, conduct books, printed and manuscript texts. All the documents included in this section enable researchers to study changing views and ideas about the body in literature and history. How did attitudes, behaviour, concerns, discussions, actions and writings on this topic alter over time? This material looks at gender issues in relation to fashion, medicine, midwifery, the mind, different parts of the body, beauty, the body and religion, sex, work, race, appearance and advertising. It also touches upon ground which is of strong interest to people working in a wide range of different academic disciplines, from history, sociology, literature and gender studies to the social history of medicine, psychology, philosophy, religious and cultural studies.