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Sovetskaia Kul'tura Digital Archive


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Go beyond current affairs and delve deeper into Russian culture - from 1929 to present - with access to East View's newest digital archive, Sovetskaia Kul'tura Digital Archive.

Kul'tura, as it is known today, is the most important Soviet and Russian publication on culture from 1929 to the present, with reviews of major events in literature, theater, cinematography, and arts. For over 80 years Kul'tura has provided a unique perspective on ever changing attitudes toward arts and culture in Soviet and Russian societies.

History of Kul'tura

Kul'tura was previously published as Rabochii i iskusstvo (1929-1930), Sovetskoe iskusstvo (1931-1941), Literatura i iskusstvo (1942-1944), Sovetskoe iskusstvo (1944-1952), and Sovetskaia kul'tura (1953-1991).

Rabochii i iskusstvo was established during a time when artists had relative freedom to create works for the New Soviet man. Artists were enthusiastic in spreading the socialist revolution, and the newspaper at this time reflects that mindset. Art was to be made accessible to the masses. Whether explicitly or implicitly, the newspaper supported writers, artists, and authors who produced works that fostered the concept of the man of the New Era.

During the Stalin years, Socialist realism took hold. Any creative expression considered unworthy to support the goals of socialism and communism was banned. Writers such as Mikhail Zoshchenko, Osip Mandelstam, Boris Pasternak, and others were roundly criticized in the pages of Sovetskoe iskusstvo (1931-1941), Literatura i iskusstvo (1942-1944), and Sovetskoe iskusstvo (1944-1952).

Sovetskaia kul'tura, established in 1953, came about in the thaw of the Khrushchev era. The times changed for the better, but the newspaper still to ed the party line. Modern art exhibitions were condemned and avant-garde composers and abstract painters were censured. During the Gorbachev era, glasnost created a cultural reawakening, which was reflected in the pages of Sovetskaia kul'tura. For example, the newspaper was the first to report that authorities had rehabilitated Pasternak posthumously and a museum dedicated to the work of Marc Chagall was to open in Belarus.

Today, the newspaper offers interesting reviews and event listings, often focusing on the cultural life of Moscow and the regions. It is also known for its topical commentaries on popular culture and politics.

The digital archive format shows the original layout and design of Kul'tura from its inception. The newspaper was well-known for its superior photography, and East View's interface allows users to focus on graphic images and text.

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