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Archives Unbound
Occupation and Independence: The Austrian Second Republic, 1945-1963


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Gale Cengage


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The experience of the Anschluss and Nazi rule deepened the commitment of Austrians to parliamentary democracy and Austrian statehood. The electorate remained divided into three political camps - socialist/Marxist, Catholic and nationalist/liberal - but cooperation replaced extreme political polarization.

On April 27, 1945, the provisional government issued a decree nullifying the Anschluss and reestablishing an independent, democratic Republic of Austria. The country was occupied by the Allies on May 9, 1945. Under the Allied Commission for Austria, established by an agreement on July 4, 1945, Austria was divided into zones managed by American, British, French and Soviet Army personnel.

Occupation and Independence: The Austrian Second Republic, 1945-1963 offers researchers a wide-ranging account of how two political parties strove toward ending Allied occupation and restoring a fully independent Austria.

Scholars of military history, government and diplomacy can follow how the Austrian State Treaty proclaimed Austria a neutral country, and how long-lasting neutrality was incorporated into the Constitution - though Austrian sympathies lay with the Western democracies.

This collection of U.S. Department of State Central Classified Files relating to the internal affairs of post-World War II Austria, contain a wide range of materials from U.S. diplomats.

Documents cover the spectrum of diplomatic communications:

- Special reports on political and military affairs

- Studies and statistics on socioeconomic matters

- Interviews and minutes of meetings with foreign government officials

- Court proceedings and other legal documents

- Full texts of important letters, instructions and cables sent and received by U.S. diplomatic personnel

- Voluminous reports and translations from foreign journals and newspapers

- Translations of high-level foreign government documents, including speeches, memoranda, official reports and transcripts of political meetings and assemblies

This collection consists of thousands of pages arranged topically and chronologically on significant subjects, such as political parties and elections, unrest and revolution, human rights, government, fiscal and monetary issues, housing, national defense, education and much more

Date Range: 1945-1963

Content: 84,972 pages

Source Library: U.S. National Archives

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