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The Literary Encyclopedia


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Inhalt :: Content

Online-Service mit Zugang zu Biographien und biographischen Kurzprofilen von über 7.500 SchriftstellerInnen und über 32.000 Werkbeschreibungen. Dabei werden auch Personen berücksichtigt, deren Leben und Werk für den Literaturleser von Interesse sind, z.B. Komponisten, Philosophen, Politiker und Künstler. Neben dem anglo-amerikanischen, deutschen und russischen Kulturraum wird u.a. auch der italienische, spanische und chinesische Kulturraum dargestellt. Ferner enthalten sind Beiträge zu literarischen, politischen und kulturellen Kontexten.

Das Referenzwerk wird seit 1999 laufend von einem globalen Netzwerk von über 1.000 Spezialisten aus Forschung und Lehre erstellt und gewährleistet dadurch eine hohe Qualität der Beiträge. Derzeit umfasst das Nachschlagwerk über 7.500 Beiträge. Updates: laufend.

The Literary Encyclopedia

Verlag :: Publisher

The Literary Dictionary Company

Preis :: Price

Preise auf Anfrage / Prices on request

Das Angebot richtet sich nicht an Verbraucher i. S. d. § 13 BGB und Letztverbraucher i. S. d. PAngV.



Bestellnummer bei digento :: digento order number


Verlagsinformation :: Publisher's information

The Literary Encyclopedia is a constantly evolving and updating repository of authoritative reference work about literary and cultural history. All our articles are solicited by invitation from specialist scholars in higher education institutions all over the world, refereed and approved by subject editors in our Editorial Board. The LE is thus uniquely selective, reliable and authoritative. Its online format allows for rapid publication and frequent updating of articles; its integrated digital resources (author life-chronologies, customisable timelines, thematic or course-oriented bookshelves, related article clusters, critical bibliographies) respond dynamically to teaching and learning demands.

Publishing Model

The Literary Encyclopedia was founded in 1998 with the aim of providing a reliable scholarly online reference work for English-language readers, primarily in the higher education humanities. It was developed as a not-for-profit project aimed to ensure that those who contribute to it are properly rewarded for the time and knowledge they invest.

The Literary Encyclopedia is owned by The Literary Dictionary Company Ltd, with contributing members of the Encyclopedia (editors and authors) sharing ownership of the publication, receiving shares and royalties commensurate with their personal investment in the development of the publication.

The publication is overseen by an Editor-in-Chief (currently Dr. Robert Clark, one of the Founding Editors) who focuses on editorial and commercial strategy, and a Managing Editor (currently Dr. Cristina Sandru) who deals with all day-to-day matters. They are advised by an elected Policy Committee. They also report annually to shareholders on financial matters, and regularly consult with them via email circulars and personal correspondence.

Editorial decisions concerning the Encyclopedia, including decisions concerning its content, format and distribution, are made by the Editor-in-Chief in consultation with the Managing Editor and the Policy Committee, and the members of the Editorial Board.

All editors and authors can see their contribution and shareholder status displayed in their personal account pages [MyLE Account], accessible after logging in. Shareholders receive annual statements of the Company accounts and are always consulted about any decisions which might affect their proprietorial rights.

Our content is solicited by invitation from specialist scholars by our subject Editors; we also accept unsolicited proposals from qualified researchers, with a proven track-record in the topic of the proposed entry. All articles, whether solicited or offered, will be reviewed by one or more of the subject editors on our Editorial Board, or by one or more external referees (where we do not currently have specialist editorial supervision).


The Literary Encyclopedia publishes biographies of major and minor writers; scholarly descriptions of all interesting texts written by these authors, including those often neglected; and a variety of descriptive and critical essays on literary, cultural and historical matters, which provide a finer understanding of the social contexts in which this writing was produced.

We seek to cover all of world literature and endeavor to commission and publish articles on the widest variety of quality writing that has been produced around the world. We offer excellent coverage of English, American, German, Russian, Italian, French and Classical literatures, as well as substantial and increasing coverage of Hispanic, Japanese, Canadian, East European and various postcolonial literatures. (Other major literatures to be added as resources permit.) So far we have published about 8023 completed articles, with a total of about 16.86 million words. We are currently adding around 20-40 articles to the Encyclopedia every month.

The Literary Encyclopedia currently publishes the following kinds of content:

About People

- Biographical profiles

- Lifelines - day-by-day chronologies of an author's life

About Works

- Profiles - descriptive-critical analyses

- Primary bibliography of all major works by all writers listed (List of works)

About Literary Context

- Essays on genres, concepts, movements, theories; comparative and reception essays

- Short notes on genres, concepts, issues

About Political and Cultural Context

- Essays on important historical events, movements and issues

- Short notes on important events, movements and issues

- Secondary Bibliography

- Annotated or unannotated recommended critical reading for any of the above (recommended readings)

Structure and Organisation

Content-wise, The Literary Encyclopedia is divided into Parts, Volumes and Chapters. Parts are usually defined by country and may be subdivided into Volumes devoted to historical periods. All Encyclopedia records are assigned to a specific volume, whose number, title and editorial supervision is displayed immediately under the title. All volumes can be browsed by clicking on the volume number.

Main articles in The Literary Encyclopedia are divided into three databases, People, Works and Context.

People - includes basic data on over 7465 people (3372 with full profiles), mainly writers, but also philosophers, scientists, artists, historical figures and others of note. You can browse a list of completed profiles.

Works - includes over 32624 works (3891 completed), mainly literary, but also philosophical and scientific, which are indexed by date, genre and country. A large part of these are listed for bibliographical purposes, while others will be profiled as the Encyclopedia expands and develops. You can browse a list of completed profiles.

Context - includes four types of records: short notes of 50 to 500 words - historical context notes (comprising major acts of parliament, wars, battles, epidemic diseases scientific and technological inventions, etc.) and literary/ cultural context notes; and major essays of up to 6000 words - historical context essays and literary/ cultural context essays.

All Encyclopedia records are accompanied by an information panel to the left, which stores the relevant metadata of the article (dates, domains, activities, genres, places, cultural identities) and offers cross-linking, bibliographic and contextual options.

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